The country is celebrating 144th birth centenary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas on 31st October. PM Modi paid tribute the great leader and addressed the nation in a program organized close to the Statue of Unity. Also, the entire country is running to show unity. But it is more important to know Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and his contribution to the country.
Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Born on 31st October 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat, his real name was Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel. He passed his matriculation at the tender of 22 and decided to continue his studies to become a barrister. Patel traveled to England to work to complete his education and became a barrister in 30 months that is six months earlier than the normal course. He returned to Gujarat as a lawyer and became a famous barrister.
Patel’s fight for freedom
Inspired by Gandhi, Patel joined the Indian freedom movement and led BardoliSatyagrah to oppose the tax imposed by the then British government. The movement forced the Britishers to forgive the tax for that year. After this victory, Patel emerged as a public figure in Gujarat. But it was just the start of the journey.
Patel became chairman of municipal corporation
He was made head of Gujarat Congress in 1920 and remained on the top post till 1945. During these years, he supported non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji and uprooted alcoholism, untouchability and other social abuses. He also occupied post of Chairman of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1922, 1924 and 1927.
Leader of Quit India Movement
Patel opposed the law the prohibited unfurling of Indian flag in 1923 in Nagpur. Gandhi was in jail that time. He became head of Indian National Congress in 1931 and placed a lead role in the general election of 1934 and 1937. He also led the Quit India Movement in 1942 for which he was detained and released three years later in 1945.
First Home Minister of India
Vallabhbhai Patel became the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minster of Independent India and played a crucial role in occupying 565 quasi-ruled states of British India. He also did relief work for the displaced people in Punjab and Delhi. A dedicated soldier of Gandhi, his health started deteriorating after Gandhi’s death. Patel breathed his last on 15th December 1950 after suffering a heart attack. His dedication towards his goals earned him the name “Iron Man of India”.