Why Is The First Day Of May Celebrated As Labour Day?
Every year, the first day of May is celebrated as Labour Day or May Day. The world celebrated the first Labour Day on May 1, 1886 but in India, the May Day celebrations started in 1923. Objective of Labour Day celebration is to recognize of working class and give respect to them.
History of Labour Day
On May 1, 1886, thousands of workers spilled on the streets of America to protest against the exploitation at the hands of employers. They were made to work for 10-15 hours every day. But the unruly mob was fired killing hundreds of workers. The incident received wide criticism.
In 1889, on the second International Socialist Conference, it was decided that workers should get due respect. The working hours were reduced to 8 hours and May 1 declared Labour Day. Also, the workers were given holiday on Labour Day.
Labour Day in India
On May 1, 1923, the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan called Indian labourers to come together to celebrate the Labour Day. Comrade Singaravelu Chettiar played a crucial role in bringing the labourers on one platform. And the first Labour Day in India was celebrated in front of the Madras High Court. Since them, India also celebrates Labour Day on May 1.
Significance of International Labour Day
Every year, on May Day celebrations start with Mazdoor Sangh seminar. In the seminar, workers raise their voice against the exploiting tendencies of industries. Their voice is heard and their rights are respected by the governments of the world.