Shaheed Diwas 2021: What Is The Significance Of March 23 For Martyrdom Day?


Every year, March 23 is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas to commemorate the lives of Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar who laid their lives in the fight for independence from British rule. The colonial government of British India hanged them till death on this day in 1930.

Who were Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar?

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were freedom fighters known for their brave acts for which they got capital punishment. They threw a bomb in the central assembly on 8 April 1929 not to harm others but to attract attention to their demand for freedom from colonial rule. They took this extreme step to revenge the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai. They were arrested and charged for endangering the lives of others with explosions and unlawful assembly. Later they were sentenced to death and executed at the Lahore jail on 23 March 1930.

How is Shaheed Diwas celebrated?

Every year, a Shaheedi Mela or Martyrdom Fair is organized at their birthplace that is in the Hussainwala on the Indo-Pak border. People garland their pictures and attend prayer meetings to pay homage to those brave freedom fighters.

Martyrdom Day on January 30

January 30 is also celebrated as Martyrdom Day as it was on that day that Mahatma Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse. He was killed on 30 January 1948 after India had attained independence. Nathuram Godse was reportedly unhappy over the partition and held Mahatma Gandhi responsible for the partition.

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