Today’s Google Doodle is dedicated to the Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani whose birthday is today. She was one of India’s first female scientists who enabled the country to make accurate weather forecasts.
• Anna Mani was called the “Weather Woman of India”
• She was a disciple of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman
• She pioneered the research of indigenous weather instruments in India
Who Was Anna Mani?
Born on 23 August 1918 at Peermade, Kerala to a Syrian Christian family, Anna Modayil Mani was a bright student since her childhood. After high school, she did an Intermediate Science course at Women’s Christian College (WCC). She continued her learning at the Presidency College, Madras from where she completed her Bachelor of Science with honours in physics and chemistry.
How Did She Start Her Career?
After completing her graduation, she taught at WCC for a year but left after winning a scholarship for post-graduate studies at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. At IIS, she studied spectroscopy, specializing in diamonds and rubies under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman. She completed her Ph.D. between 1942 and 1945 and published five papers. Afterward, she learned to specialize in meteorological instrumentation at Imperial College, London.
How She Became The “Weather Woman Of India”?
In 1948, Anna Mani joined the India Meteorological Department on her return. At IMD, she helped the country develop indigenous weather instruments and simplified over 100 weather instrument designs. She also established a network of solar radiation monitoring stations. In 1953 she became head of the division, Deputy Director General of the India Meteorological Department. She also held key positions in the United Nations World Meteorological Organization.
What Were Her Awards And Achievements?
Anna Mani was awarded the INSA KR Ramanathan Medal for her remarkable contributions to science in 1987. The “Weather Woman of India” was also appointed as a Trustee of the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.