Meet American Geologist Marie Tharp Who Produced The First Map Of the Ocean

American Geologist Marie Tharp

Today’s Google Doodle is dedicated to Marie Tharp, the American geologist and oceanographic cartographer who helped in proving the theories of continental drift. Her work got her the title of one of the greatest cartographers of the 20th century.


• Marie Tharp worked at the Lamont Geological Observatory
• She co-produced the first map of the ocean floor with geologist Bruce Heezen

How Is 21 November Related To The Life Of Marie Tharp?

Born on July 30, 1920, in Ypsilanti, Michigan, Marie Tharp went on to become the first woman to work at the Lamont Geological Observatory where she did a great job under the supervision of geologist Bruce Heezen. Considering her work and observation, she was named one of the greatest cartographers of the 20th century by the Library of Congress on 21 November 1998.

American Geologist Marie Tharp

Work And Observations Of Marie Tharp

Marie Tharp was introduced to mapmaking by her father who worked for the US Department of Agriculture. A master in petroleum geology from the University of Michigan, Marie Tharp went to work at the Lamont Geology Observatory in 1948.

Marie Tharp produced maps of the mysterious ocean floor using the data gathered by Bruce Heezen. She developed the ocean-depth data of the Atlantic Ocean with echo sounders and took her findings of the Mid-Atlantic Range to Heezen who termed her work as “girl talk”. But Bruce Heezen had to accept the findings on comparing the V-shaped rifts with earthquake epicenter maps.

In 1957, Tharp and Heezen co-published the first map of the ocean floor in the North Atlantic. Later the map was published by National Geographic as “The World Ocean Floor”. She donated her map collection to the Library of Congress in 1995. The Lamont Geological … Read more

World Mental Health Day 2022: Theme, History, And Significance

World Mental Health Day 2022

Every year October 10 is observed as World Mental Health Day to raise awareness about mental health issues and their effects. It is given a theme every year. In India, the government observes a campaign to educate people about the benefits of mental health.


• India observes Mental Health Awareness Campaign Week celebrate World Mental Health Day
• World Mental Health Day celebrations started on 10 October 1992
• From 1994, this day was given a special theme

World Mental Health Day 2022: Theme

“Make mental health & well-being for all a global priority” is the slogan given for World Mental Health Day 2022. It shows how people are fighting mental stress post-pandemic. According to World Health Organization (WHO), mental issues were affecting one out of eight people before the COVID-19 pandemic. But the pandemic situation followed by the lockdown increased the number of people affected by mental issues considerably. Also, recent armed conflicts among nations and communal violence in societies further escalated the problem.

World Mental Health Day 2022: India Celebrations

In India, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has been celebrating the Mental Health Awareness Campaign Week and the World Mental Health Day celebrations will mark the last of the awareness week.

Significance Of World Mental Health Day

Significance Of World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day is observed to educate people on various mental health issues so they stay alert from such issues that can make their lives difficult. Also, it encourages mental health professionals to discuss their work to educate people on how they can provide care and support people suffering from mental health issues.

History Of World Mental Health Day?

World Mental Health Day 2022

World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) was formed in 1948 as a non-governmental organization. On 10 October … Read more

IAF Day 2022: Celebrations Over Sukhna Lake

IAF Day 2022

Indian Air Force is completing its 90 years of service on 8 October which is also its raising day. It came into service on 8 October 1932 as Indian Air Force and worked as an auxiliary air force to the British Empire. Post-independence, it was retained as Indian Air Force.


• Indian Air Force celebrates its raising day on 8 October every year
• Celebrations include a parade and fly-past from Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh
• It is the first time that celebrations will be out of the NCR

What Are The Celebrations Planned For IAF Day?

Indian Air Force will celebrate its raising day out of the capital for the first time. The 90-year celebrations will take place over Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh this afternoon. The celebrations include a parade and fly-past of fighter jets. IAF will fly 75 jets including Tejas, Sukhoi, MIG -29, Jaguar, Rafale, Hawk, and the recently included light combat helicopter (LCH) in the fly-past over Sukhna Lake. President Draupadi Murmu and Defense Minister Rajnath Singh will be present on this occasion.

History Of the Indian Air Force?

History Of the Indian Air Force

British government formed Royal Indian Air Force on 8 October 1932 and it continued to serve the British Empire until the independence of India. Post-independence, Royal Indian Air Force was maintained in the name of the Dominion of India. In 1950, when the country became a republic, the government dropped the prefix Royal to make it Indian Air Force. But the raising day is celebrated on 8 October every year.

What Are The Achievements Of the Indian Air Force?

IAF Day 2022

British Empire honored the Indian Air Force with the prefix, Royal, for its services during World War II. Post-independence, IAF played a decisive role in the … Read more

World Tourism Day 2022: What Is ‘Rethinking Tourism’?

History Of World Tourism Day

Every year 27th September is celebrated as World Tourism Day to promote tourism with different themes. Initiated by the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), World Tourism Day is celebrated in different host countries every year.


• World Tourism Day 2022 theme is ‘Rethinking Tourism’
• The theme is based on the revival of tourism post COVID-19

Why Is The Theme Of World Tourism Day 2022?

World Tourism Day 2022

The world has come out safe from the COVID-19 situation which was quite demoralizing for the tourism industry. During the two-year lockdown period, it was the tourism sector that received a major setback due to travel restrictions. The theme ‘Rethinking Tourism’ underlines the need to redevelop the tourism sector in the post-pandemic world.

What Is The Significance Of World Tourism Day?

World Tourism Day educates people about the significance tourism has in the interaction between cultures, communities, societies, and countries. Also, it has socio-economic benefits for countries. And it won’t be an exaggeration to say that the tourism sector supports different industries like air travel, hospitality, transportation, food, and gifts. This year, the event is hosted by Bali and the representatives of UNWTO are expected to participate in the event.

What Is The History Of World Tourism Day?

History Of World Tourism Day

The United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) proposed a day to celebrate tourism for the growth and development of the tourism sector in the year 1979. And the celebrations began the next year in 1980. Also, 27 September was set for celebrations to coincide with the anniversary of the adoption of the Statutes of UNWTO.

UNWTO also decided that host countries will celebrate World Tourism Day every year. Initially, the celebrations were mainly focused on the promotion of tourism as a global industry. This … Read more

Happy 104th Birthday To The “Weather Woman Of India” Anna Mani

Anna mani birthday

Today’s Google Doodle is dedicated to the Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani whose birthday is today. She was one of India’s first female scientists who enabled the country to make accurate weather forecasts.


• Anna Mani was called the “Weather Woman of India”
• She was a disciple of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman
• She pioneered the research of indigenous weather instruments in India

Who Was Anna Mani?

Born on 23 August 1918 at Peermade, Kerala to a Syrian Christian family, Anna Modayil Mani was a bright student since her childhood. After high school, she did an Intermediate Science course at Women’s Christian College (WCC). She continued her learning at the Presidency College, Madras from where she completed her Bachelor of Science with honours in physics and chemistry.

How Did She Start Her Career?

After completing her graduation, she taught at WCC for a year but left after winning a scholarship for post-graduate studies at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. At IIS, she studied spectroscopy, specializing in diamonds and rubies under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman. She completed her Ph.D. between 1942 and 1945 and published five papers. Afterward, she learned to specialize in meteorological instrumentation at Imperial College, London.

How She Became The “Weather Woman Of India”?

In 1948, Anna Mani joined the India Meteorological Department on her return. At IMD, she helped the country develop indigenous weather instruments and simplified over 100 weather … Read more

World Photography Day 2022: See The Pandemic Lockdown Through The Lens

World Photography Day 2022

Every year 19th August is celebrated as World Photography Day to commemorate the invention of Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce. They developed a photographic process named “Daguerreotype” that changed the world of photography forever.


• World Photography Day celebrates the invention of the Daguerreotype
• It is a process that paved way for the modern-day digital photography
• Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce developed the process in 1837

History Of The World Photography Day

People used to create pictures with their hands. They used to produce images on canvas with colors. But everything changed in 1837 when Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce developed a photographic process called “Daguerreotype”. They created an image with rich details on a sheet of copper and coated it with a thin sheet of silver. And no negative was used in the process. It became the first permanent image with a camera. The image produced was accurate and the process was inexpensive.

In 1839, the French Academy of Sciences announced the process of the Daguerreotype. Soon the French government patented the invention and gifted it free to the world. In 1861, the first durable colored photograph was taken following the process and the first digital photograph was produced in 1957.

Significance Of The World Photography Day

Significance Of The World Photography Day

Photography can be used as the highest means of communication which leaves no place for loopholes. An image is worth a thousand words. It can convey feelings and emotions in the right manner. World Photography Day is celebrated to encourage people to take to photography as a career to highlight important issues like wildlife and nature.

Theme Of The World Photography Day 2022

World Photography Day 2022

The theme given for World Photography Day is “Pandemic … Read more

What Is The Hidden Message In The International Youth Day 2022 Theme?

International Youth Day 2022

International Youth Day 2022 will be celebrated on the theme of ‘ Intergenerational Solidarity: Creating A World For All Ages ‘. The message is to highlight the importance of a collective effort by people of all ages to achieve all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (or SDGs) by the year 2030.


• International Youth Day highlights the contribution of youth to the development of society
• It addresses the problems youth face in different societies, especially in developing countries
• The first International Youth Day was celebrated on 12 August 2000

What Is the International Youth Day 2022 Theme?

International Youth Day 2022

Intergenerational Solidarity: Creating A World For All Ages is the theme given for International Youth Day 2022. The theme has a hidden message for people of all ages. It says that every generation needs to take action to achieve the desired goals. The world wants to achieve all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (or SDGs) by the year 2030.

What Is The Significance Of International Youth Day?

Significance Of International Youth Day

International Youth Day spreads awareness about the challenges of the youths around the globe. Young people, especially in developing countries face challenges with health, justice, employment, and political participation. According to International Labor Organization (ILO), India has a sizeable number of youths (66%) in the world. With over 808 million Indians below the age of 35, India has the highest number of youths in the world.

In developing countries, youths don’t have access to quality healthcare services. They don’t have employment opportunities and they even fail to meet their basic requirements. Also, they face challenges with mental health. International Youth Day is celebrated to highlight the problems the youth population is facing and generate a collective effort to solve those problems.

What Is The

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Google Shows ‘India Ki Udaan’ On 75 Years of Independence

India Ki Udaan’ On 75 Years of Independence

Google Arts & Culture is celebrating 75 years of Independence with a vibrant online project named ‘India ki Udaan’. The project draws from rich archives and features artistic illustrations to highlight the milestones the country has achieved in its journey of 75 years.


• Google unveiled the “India ki Udaan” project to celebrate 75 years of independence
• It also announced the Doodle4Google contest for 2022 for students of classes 1-10
• Winners of the contest will see their artwork on the Google homepage in India on November 14
• Google will select four group winners and 15 finalists and give them exciting prizes
• The tech giant will also create a special doodle on ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ to encourage people’s participation

What Is ‘India ki Udaan’ Project?

India Ki Udaan’ On 75 Years of Independence

Available on the website of Google Arts & Culture, the project is a tribute to India’s rich cultural history. It features iconic moments since independence for the country to relive, experience, and be inspired.

Published in English and Hindi, the project contains a wealth of knowledge created by 10 artists. There are over 120 illustrations, 21 stories, and exhibitions from various institutions especially the Ministry of Tourism, Museum of Art & Photography, Heritage Directorate of the Indian Railways, the Indian Academy of Sciences, and Dastkari Haat Samiti.

What is Doodle4Google 2022 Contest?

Themed ‘In the next 25 years, my India will….’, is an open contest for students of classes 1-10. Google has announced a cash prize of ₹ 5,00,000 college scholarship, a ₹ 2,00,000 technology package for their school/non-profit organization, a recognition of achievement, Google hardware, and fun Google collectibles for the winner. Also, the winning Doodle will be featured on the Google India homepage on November 14. The four … Read more

Google Doodle: See Oskar Sala Playing His Mixture-Trautonium

Musical Instrument of Oskar Sala

Today’s Google Doodle is dedicated to Oskar Sala, the German innovative electronic music composer and physicist who electrified the world of music with his musical instrument called a mixture-trautonium. Today is his 112th birthday and Google has dedicated an artistic Doodle to Oskar Sala.


• Oskar Sala developed mixture-trautonium with which he can produce different sounds or voices simultaneously
• He began creating music at the age of 14
• He created electronic music for many movies and television and radio programs
• He was called a one-man orchestra due to his exceptional music composing skills

Who Was Oskar Sala?

Born in Greiz, Germany in 1910 to a singer mother and ophthalmologist father with musical interest, Oskar Sala inherited music from his parents. At 14, he started playing instruments like the violin and piano. But it was a trautonium that caught his attention and he made developing the instrument the objective of his life.

What Is Trautonium?

It is a musical instrument with a unique set of features that make it stand out from others. Oskar Sala was so impressed with this instrument that he went on to master the instrument. His inspiration also helped in his studies in physics and composition at school.

What Was The Musical Instrument of Oskar Sala?

Musical Instrument of Oskar Sala

His education in composition and elector-engineering led him to the discovery of a new musical instrument called mixture-trautonium. And this new instrument was so unique that it could produce … Read more

Google Doodle: The Diary Of A Young Girl By Anne Frank Completes 75 Years

google doodle Anne Frank Diary

Today’s Google Doodle is dedicated to the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank. It has been 75 years since the diary was first published. The diary contains moments from her life and it has been an inspiration for many plays and films.


• Anne Frank was a Jewish Holocaust victim and wartime diarist
• She wrote a diary while hiding behind a bookcase
• The diary is full of her routine little battles that every adolescent has to go through
• Her father Otto got the diary published in 1947

Who Was Anne Frank?

google doodle Anne Frank Diary

Born on 12 June 1929 to Edith (mother) and Otto Heinrich Frank (father) in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank was a victim of the Jewish Holocaust in 1942. After Adolf Hitler-led Nazi Party gained power in Germany, her family moved to Amsterdam, the Netherlands in 1934. But they have to take shelter in concealed rooms behind a bookcase in a building where Otto worked as persecution increased in 1942. They remain in the concealed rooms until their arrest by the Gestapo (Nazi secret police) in 1944. The Franks were then sent to detention camps where Anne and her sister, Margot, died due to illness.

How Was Anne Frank’s Diary Published?

Otto the only surviving member of the Frank family received the diary from his secretary, Miep Gies. He knew that Anne Frank wished to become a writer. He fulfilled her last wish by publishing the diary in 1947. Originally written in Dutch, the diary was first translated and published in English in 1952 as The Diary of a Young Girl, and then it was published in more than 70 languages.

How Did Anne Frank Write A Diary?

Anne Frank got … Read more