Shaheed Diwas Observance

Shaheed Diwas Celebrations

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, And Sukhdev Were Hanged For Lahore Conspiracy

British-India government hanged the three Indian socialist freedom fighters – Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar – on 23 March 1931 at Lahore Central Jail in Lahore. Since then, the country observes 23rd March as Shaheed Diwas.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907 in the village of Banga in the Lyallpur district of Punjab (present Faisalabad in Punjab province in Pakistan). A gifted learner, Bhagat Singh quit his studies at 13 to join the freedom movement at a young age. And when his parents tried to get him married, he left home for Kanpur.

Lahore Conspiracy Case

In 1928 December Lahore, Bhagat Singh with his comrades Sukhdev and Rajguru tried assassinating the superintendent of police James Scott to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai but shot assistant superintendent of police John Saunders in mistaken identity. To avoid arrest, Bhagat Singh shaved his beard and cut his hair, and escaped to Calcutta.

Delhi Assembly Bombing

In 1929 April, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt hurled bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi while raising slogans of “Inquilab Zindabad”. Also, they courted arrest instead of escaping the chaos after the bomb scare. They were arrested and Bhagat Singh with his comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on 23 March 1931 at Lahore for the Lahore conspiracy case.

Shaheed Diwas Celebrations

Shaheed Diwas Celebrations

Both central and state governments organize various events to commemorate the life of Indian revolutionaries who laid their lives for the cause of the country.

New elected CM of Punjab Bhagwant Mann declared a holiday on 23 March to allow people to visit Khatkar Kalan and Hussainiwala to pay their tributes to the young martyrs. The CM … Read more

23 March: Important Dates Of History


There are many important events recorded in the history of the country and the world. But in the history of India, it is the execution of Bhagat Singh and his companions Rajguru and Sukhdev that is the biggest and most important of all events.

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were Indian revolutionaries that were executed on 23 March 1931 during Indian independence movement. Also, it was on March 23, 1956 that Pakistan was born as the first Islamic Republic in the world. Also, Taiwan conducted direct presidential elections for the first time on 23 March 1996.

Important events of March 23

1351: Feroz Shah Tuglaq III acceded to the throne. He was nephew of Muhammad Tuglaq

1757: Clive seized Chandranagar from French control

1880: Birth of Basanti Devi, an Indian independence activist

1910: Birth of Dr Ram Manohar Lohia, a freedom fighter, serious thinker and socialist politician

1931: Revolutionaries of Indian independence movement, Bhagat Sing, Rajguru and Sukhdev, were executed by the British government

1940: Muslim League acceded to the demand for Pakistan

1956: Pakistan came into being as the first Islamic state of the world

1986: Central Police Reserve Force makes its first women company in Durgapur Camp

1996: Taiwan holds direct presidential elections for the first time and Li Teng Hi becomes president

Source: more