Shaheed Diwas Observance
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, And Sukhdev Were Hanged For Lahore Conspiracy
British-India government hanged the three Indian socialist freedom fighters – Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar – on 23 March 1931 at Lahore Central Jail in Lahore. Since then, the country observes 23rd March as Shaheed Diwas.
Bhagat Singh was born in 1907 in the village of Banga in the Lyallpur district of Punjab (present Faisalabad in Punjab province in Pakistan). A gifted learner, Bhagat Singh quit his studies at 13 to join the freedom movement at a young age. And when his parents tried to get him married, he left home for Kanpur.
Lahore Conspiracy Case
In 1928 December Lahore, Bhagat Singh with his comrades Sukhdev and Rajguru tried assassinating the superintendent of police James Scott to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai but shot assistant superintendent of police John Saunders in mistaken identity. To avoid arrest, Bhagat Singh shaved his beard and cut his hair, and escaped to Calcutta.
Delhi Assembly Bombing
In 1929 April, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt hurled bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi while raising slogans of “Inquilab Zindabad”. Also, they courted arrest instead of escaping the chaos after the bomb scare. They were arrested and Bhagat Singh with his comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on 23 March 1931 at Lahore for the Lahore conspiracy case.
Shaheed Diwas Celebrations
Both central and state governments organize various events to commemorate the life of Indian revolutionaries who laid their lives for the cause of the country.
New elected CM of Punjab Bhagwant Mann declared a holiday on 23 March to allow people to visit Khatkar Kalan and Hussainiwala to pay their tributes to the young martyrs. The CM Mann said he wanted people in maximum numbers from across the province to observe Shaheed Diwas.
Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal announced that the government school coming at Jharoda Kalan will be named after Bhagat Singh. Spread at a 14-acre campus, the school will be equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to prepare students for the armed forces.