National

Padma-Awardee-Sridhar-Vembu

What Are The Priorities Of Padma Awardee Sridhar Vembu?

Sridhar Vembu, who founded Zoho Corp, has been awarded the Padma Shri on the 72nd Republic Day. A graduate of IIT Madras and Princeton University, Sridhar Vembu recently moved back to his hometown Tenkasi village in Tamil Nadu in India. But he denied that he moved to India due to pandemic.

Zoho Corp

In 1996, Sridhar Vembu founded Advent Net Inc. along with his siblings and Tony Thomas. At that time, the company was headquartered in Pleasanton, California, US. But the company was morphed into Zoho Corp in 2009 and headquarter shifted to Chennai in India.

Today Zoho Corp is valued a $1 billion company and it boasts of having over 60 million users that include Levi’s, Amazon, Philips, Whirlpool, Ola, Xiaomi and Zomato according to an online publication, Friday Magazine.

Sridhar Vembu on Zoho Corp

Vembu said that he built Zoho at the right time. The segment was also right and conditions favourable. He further said that the company flourished by serving the underserved. And he said that entrepreneurs needed to be fearless.

Sridhar Vembu was speaking at an event organized by the Start India Initiative on 16th January. He said that entrepreneurs must be fearful of competing with big giants. But what could be worst than going back to a job. Other than software development, Sridhar Vembu is also interested in education sector.

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72nd-Republic-Day

What Celebrities Tweeted On 72nd Republic Day?

Today the country is celebrating its 72nd Republic Day. It was on this day in 1950 that the constitution of India came into force. Since then, 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day in the country. On this day, everyone including eminent personalities and celebrities extend their wishes to the country.

72nd-Republic-Day

PM Modi’s Republic Day plan

Before the Republic Day celebrations start, PM Modi would visit the National War Memorial near India Gate and lay wreath on the memorial to pay solemn tributes to the fallen heroes. Afterwards, the PM will move to the dais at the Rajpath to witness the Republic Day parade. It will be a 90-minute parade that will showcase the military prowess of the country.

Parade under the shadow of pandemic

Due to pandemic, only 25,000 visitors are allowed at Rajpath. Earlier, lakhs of visitors used to sit at Rajpath to watch the parade. Also, the parade will be shorter this year and it will conclude at the national Stadium instead of marching towards the Red Fort.

Celebrities tweeted best wishes to the nation

Amitabh Bachchan tweeted some of his pictures with his best wishes. Sonu Sood also sent his best wishes for the 72nd Republic Day. He had become a national during nationwide lockdown for helping common men.

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Ayodhya-Mosque-Construction

Ayodhya Mosque Construction Will Start On January 26

The Indo-Islamic Cultural Foundation (IICF) trust will start construction of the Ayodhya mosque at the prescribed five-acre plot on January 26. Also, it has planned a plantation drive and raising of the national flag to mark the beginning of the project.

Reason given for plantation drive

IICF said that it wanted to highlight the cause of climate change with plantation drive and give the message that climate change was the biggest threat to humanity. The upcoming mosque includes a green area that will have plants from all geographic regions and varieties from Amazon rainforest to bushfires in Australia to aware people about the challenge of climate change.

It will be a modern design

The IICF unveiled a futuristic design with beautiful mosque featuring a massive glass dome sitting in a picturesque garden. Also, a hospital building is seen just behind the mosque. But IICF also intends constructing an Indo-Islamic cultural research centre, library, museum, publication house and a community kitchen.

The nine trustees of the foundation recently held a meeting to discuss the design and clearances for foreign contribution from Income Tax Department. They also discussed issues related to the new design and decided to apply to the Ayodhya District Board to allow construction of library and other facilities.

Settlement of Ayodhya dispute

Supreme Court in its November 2020 verdict made it clear that the disputed site at Ayodhya belonged to Lord Ram but it also ordered a suitable place be allotted for construction of a mosque.

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Delhi-Gets-Repeated-Quakes-Starting-April

Delhi Gets Repeated Quakes Starting April

Two earthquakes sent tremors across Delhi NCR in late evening on Friday. While the first quake was of a medium intensity, the second was a low intensity. The epicenter was of the quake was Rohtak in Haryana that is approximately 60 km from Delhi.

First quake

It occurred around 9:08 pm and it measured 4.5 magnitude on Richter scale. The National Centre for Seismology (NCS) recorded that the quake happened at a depth of 5 km in the epicenter. Tremor of this quake were felt across the national capital and the adjoining areas including Noida.

Second quake

It occurred within a span of one hour of the first quake. But it was a low intensity quake. The second earthquake occurred at 10 pm and it was measured 2.9 on the Richter scale. The NCS said that it was a low intensive quake with the epicenter in Rohtak in Haryana.

Could Delhi withstand quakes?

Quakes of less than 5 magnitude could cause damage only in the areas where structures are weak or compromised. But quakes of more than magnitudes could cause large-scale damage. India is divided into different seismic zones with Zones IV and V lying in high intensity areas. Delhi falls in Zone IV of the seismic … Read the rest

Indian-American-Scientist-Bags-Prestigious-Science-Award

Indian-American Scientist Bags Prestigious Science Award

Renowned Indian-American inventor Rajiv Joshi has bagged the prestigious Inventor of the Year award for his great work in the field of electronic industry and artificial intelligence.

Early life and qualification of Dr Joshi

The master inventor has more than 250 patented inventions in the US and he works at the IBM Thomson Watson Research Center in New York. He is an alumnus of IIT Mumbai and holds an MS degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Also, he has done PhD in mechanical/electrical engineering from Columbia University, New York.

He remembered that his parents always inspired him with the stories of the renowned inventors like Guglielmo Marconi, Madame Curie, Right Brothers, James Watt, Alexander Bell, Thomas Edison and others. He said that the stories of the great stalwarts shaped his mind and encouraged him to do inventions.

Award

The prestigious annual award was presented by the New York Intellectual Property Law Association early this month but it was a virtual award ceremony. In his acceptance speech, Dr Joshi said that could, artificial intelligence and quantum computing not only remained the buzzwords but their utility, widespread usage was advancing by leaps and bounds.

Work of Dr Joshi

His inventions are used in many electronic items including processors, supercomputers, laptops, smartphones, handheld and variable gadgets. His innovations are said to have advanced day-to-day life, global communication, health sciences and medical fields. Dr Joshi said that he felt attracted towards artificial intelligence and quantum computing.

Source: https://bit.ly/36u9HhY

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China-India Border Tension Reaches Next Level

India and China have escalated their surveillance along LAC (line of actual control) but it isn’t the regular patrolling as both the sides are busy building troops on the LAC. Military experts say that it is a bigger crisis than Doklam in 2017.

Face-off between Indian and Chinese troops

India has increased its military strength in Pangong Tso and Galwan Valley after the China deployed around 2,000 to 2,500 troops in these contentious areas. And the Chinese army is gradually building temporary infrastructure to support its military. But the strength of the Indian army is much better in comparison to the Chinese side.

India is more concerned about the key points where China is deploying more troops. Their presence in Indian Post KM120 along the Darbuk-Shayok-Daulat Beg Oldie road in Galwan Valley is cause of tension for the Indian army.

Chinese army strengthening its positions

They have erected around 100 tents in the Galwan Valley and they are bringing heavy equipment for construction of bunkers in the area. And it happened in last two weeks. On the Indian side, the army has resorted to “aggressive patrolling” to areas including Demchok and Daulat Beg Oldi.

Recent skirmishes

On May 5, both the armies involved into a violent face-off in eastern Ladakh and it spilled over the next day until local commanders decided to hold a meeting to disengage the troops. The Chinese army hit the Indian soldiers with iron rods, sticks and they even resorted to stone pelting in Pangong Tso lake area.

Source: https://bit.ly/2LWlJaF

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Muslims-Observe-Fasting-In-Ramzan

How Do Muslims Observe Fasting In Ramzan?

“Ramzan” or “Ramadan” is taken from an Arabic word “Ramad” that means “scorchedness of the earth due to excessive heat”. And the festival of fasting stands true to its name as it is observed in the hot month of May. Also, it is surprising to see that the period of fasting remains same throughout the world.

Fasting in Ramadan

Muslim fasting is an opportunity to practice abstinence from the appetites that drive their existence. But it is voluntary fasting observed from dawn to dusk in the ninth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. Dates for the Ramadan fasting are set according to the Hijri calendar and Muslims across the observe fasts on the set dates.

History of Ramadan

The start of Ramazan fasting can be traced back to the Islamic New Year of AD 622. It was the time when Prophet Muhammad migrated from Makkah (Mecca) to Yathrib that is now known as Medina and established the first Muslim community of Ummah with his followers.

The Hijri calendar has 12 months (354 to 355 days) in a year and it moves back 11 days each year as compared to the universal Gregorian calendar based on solar movement. And for this reason, the first day of Ramadan changes according to the Hijri calendar.

Rules for fasting

Observance of fast strictly follows the movement of celestial bodies – sun and moon. Hilal is the new moon in Arabic and it has a specific importance in this holy month. The fasting follows and concludes on the sighting of this new moon. It takes a period of 29 to 30 days in completing its cycle.

Source: https://bit.ly/3gv8FXQ

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WHO Makes Harsh Vardhan Chairman Of Its Executive Board

Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan is now the chairman of the 34-member World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board. He will take charge today from Dr. Hiroki Nakatani of Japan. Harsh Vardhan has been at the forefront of India’s battle against COVID-19.

Harsh Vardhan said on his appointment

He said that he was aware that he was entering that office at a time of global crisis on account of that pandemic. At a time, when the world was aware that there would be many health challenges for in the next two decades. All those challenges demand a shared response.

Functions of WHO Executive Board

The board executes the decisions and policies of the Health Assembly. Also, it advises WHO and facilities its work. 194-nation World Health Assembly signed the proposal to appoint India’s nominee to Executive Board on Tuesday.

The 34 members of the Executive Board are designated by the elected member states of the World Health Assembly. They were elected for a three-year term. The board meets twice a year – first in January and the second time in May. The meetings are scheduled just after the Health Assembly.

India’s nomination to the Executive Board

The decision to elect India’s nominee to the executive board was taken last year when the South-East Asia group of WHO unanimously made the decision to regarding India’s nominee. Union Minister for Health Dr. Harsh Vardhan will start his three-year term at Executive Board from today.

Source: https://bit.ly/2ZqMDiO

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Prime Minister Saluted COVID-19 Warriors On National Technology Day

May 11is celebrated as National Technology Day as it was on this day in 1998 that India conducted Pokhran nuclear tests. From that day onwards, every year, 11th day of May is called National Technology Day.

PM’s address on National Technology Day

Prime Minister Narendra Modi started his address for the country with praising the corona warriors including doctors, medical staff and others before moving the scientists for hailing their contribution towards the growth and development of the country.

The PM said that the scientists were leveraging technology to bring positive changes in the lives of the citizens of the country. He further said that the country remembered the landmark moment on May 11, 1998 when carried out nuclear explosions at Pokhran. The tests were conducted during the time of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the results showed that a strong political leadership can make a difference.

He shared a number of tweets to congratulate doctors and medical staff and police personnel in their efforts in tiding the increasing cases of coronavirus infection. Also, he said that the technology will help the humankind in creating a healthier and better planet.

National Technology Day

In 1998, India carried out five nuclear tests at an underground facility in Pokhran, Rajasthan. And these tests were extremely successful. These tests established India’s capability to make nuclear bombs and use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.

On National Technology Day, the PM hoped that the technology would help the mankind to get freedom from the deadly coronavirus infection.

Source: https://bit.ly/3dA1b3h

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IMD Includes Gilgit-Baltistan And Muzaffarabad In Its Weather Forecast List

Cities under Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir (PoK) are now included in the forecast list of Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). The IMD will mention Gilgit-Baltistan and Muzaffarabad that are part of PoK in its forecasts.

IMD eyes PoK

PoK cities are now part of area covered by the northwest division consisting of nine sub-divisions – Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi-Chandigarh-Haryana, Punjab, east Uttar Pradesh, west Uttar Pradesh, east Rajasthan and west Rajasthan.But IMD Director General M Mohapatra said that the IMD had been mentioning the PoK cities in its daily forecast since the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir since last August.

But the head of Regional Meteorological Department Kuldeep Srivastava said that the change was introduced on May 5 when after Pakistan’s Supreme Court allowed elections in PoK. The move was taken to strengthen India’s claim over PoK.

IMD takes PoK to international stage

According to internal sources, IMD wants the PoK cities to be in the list of forecasts for the RMC. Since IMD has included PoK in its daily national bulletin and local bulletin, it has the point to get these cities listed in the list of RMC.

IMD is World Meteorological Department nominated Regional Meteorological Center that releases forecasts for severe weather conditions to Pakistan, Afghanistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan detailing forecasts for the next five days.

Pakistan is preparing to hold elections in PoK according to the directive of its Supreme Court. But India has raised objections to this move to strengthen its claim on PoK.

Source: https://bit.ly/3b9nv2g

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